Sefer HaMitzvot

Positive #19 - To Declare Shabbat as Holy

December 28, 2021 Adam Sabzevari Season 1 Episode 18
Sefer HaMitzvot
Positive #19 - To Declare Shabbat as Holy
Show Notes

In this episode, we learn positive mitzvah #19, which is declare Shabbat as holy with words.

We verbally declare Shabbat as holy (1) at its beginning, through kiddush, and (2) at its end, through havdala. The Prophet & Sages added two rabbinic ways of fulfilling this mitzva, by (3) preparing for Shabbat and (4) enjoying it.

  1. Kiddush (beginning of Shabbat)
    • At the beginning of Shabbat, we declare Shabbat as a holy day ("mekadesh haShabbat")
    • Typically said with a cup of wine, before having a special meal
  2. Havdala (end of Shabbat)
    • At the end of Shabbat, we declare that the holy day of Shabbat is over ("lehavdil ben kodesh le'chol")
    • Also typically said with a cup of wine
  3. Kavod Shabbat (preparations)
    • wearing nice clothing
    • showering, haircuts, shaving before Shabbat
    • purchasing food before Shabbat
    • cleaning the home and setting up the table before Shabbat
  4. Oneg Shabbat (enjoyment)
    • eating and drinking enjoyably
    • resting
    • studying Torah